“Maculata” plants

Begonia maculata
Begonia maculata

If the botanical name or variety name of a plant contains the word “maculata” or “maculatum”, you can assume that either the leaves or the flowers or both are spotted.

“Maculata” is actually translated as spotted or dotted. Not only from the linked very good translation tool.

I would like to introduce some of these mostly unrelated “Maculata” plants below.

Euphorbia maculata (spotted spurge)

Euphorbia maculata

Euphorbia maculata is native to North America and Central America member of the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). The annual plant has also been native to some European regions for some time. Its leaves can be covered with dark red spots.

Begonia maculata (polka dot begonia)

Begonia maculata Polka Dot Begonia

Compared to the popular balcony begonias, the polka dot begonia can be described as lazy in flowering. On the other hand, its leaves are covered with elegant white spots. This may be one reason why it is so popular as an indoor plant at the moment.

Aloe maculata (zebra aloe, soap aloe)

Aloe maculata soap aloe

The leaves of Aloe maculata are also dotted. This native to South Africa plant is known as zebra aloe or soap aloe. Its sap is or was used to make soap.

Lamium maculatum (spotted deadnettle, spotted henbit)

Lamium maculatum

The “maculatum” in the botanical name of the spotted deadnettle does not refer to the leaves, but to the spotted lower lip of the flower. However, its leaves can also be spotted or coloured. Some cultivars are available, with silvery or striped leaves.

spotted deadnettle

Elaeagnus pungens “Maculata” (thorny olive, spiny oleaster)

Elaeagnus pungens Maculata

Elaeagnus pungens “Maculata” is not a naturally occurring species, it is a cultivar. The leaves of the wild type are dark green in colour.

As can be seen in the picture, however, unicoloured leaves similar to those of the wild type can also appear on these variegated varieties.

Arum maculatum (wild arum)

Arum maculatum

The leaves of Arum maculatum can be covered with dark spots. The emphasis is on can, because here in the region we only see plants with pure green foliage.

Which is why I bought the spotted form and potted it up. Although the plant is considered quite poisonous, the snails in my garden liked it so much that they ate it completely.

The purpose of pot culture was to protect Arum maculatum from slugs. I will have to work on that.

Lotus maculatus (golden parrot’s beak)

Lotus maculatus

In the case of Lotus maculatus, the species name refers to the colouring of the flowers. The plant, which belongs to the legume family, is native to Tenerife.